Lexical cohesion in academic writing

Good cohesion and coherence also includes good and appropriate paragraph usage. Avoid mistakes and make modern society a humane one. Posted on 7 December by Robert Sheppard We all want our students to produce coherent, cohesive writing. To get a good mark here, the word choice should not only be accurate but wide ranging, natural and sophisticated.

With practice from good IELTS practice testsyou will improve at including all the necessary detail with the right amount of words.

What is important to realize is that there is no correct answer here. And on the writing task 2 pageyou will find model essays for each type. As we said earlier, your ideas need to be supported by examples and it is in the body of your essay that they should appear.

The examiner will give you a band score for writing task 1 and a band score for writing task 2. The 5 areas are: Cohesion and coherence at paragraph level Cohesion has a strong connection to coherence logic and meaning. The changes in languages will continue forever, but no one knows for sure who does the changing.

There is no right answer for putting your views at the start and then explaining this through the essay, or developing your opinion though your essay and stating your final stance at the end.

No, they are not. In this way your ideas are separated clearly. For Task 2, have a paragraph break after your introduction, and then for every differing section of your separate ideas with the evidence.

Look at this section on paragraphing. Write your answers in the box below Activity 6: Take one task 1 score and two task 2 scores and divide by 3. However, in the academic test, there is a wider range of topics from family and education to space exploration or economics, which can be more challenging.

His book is called The Roots of Language. In this way your ideas are separated clearly.


Colour coding the cohesion in the discursive text Now, we are going to use the same text to see how your awareness of cohesion is improving.

An example of bad coherence and cohesion would be as follows: Paragraph 3 Where your paragraph divisions should occur.

Intro What cp is. One problem is the narrow line spacing which leaves little room for corrections. It marks whether you have covered all requirements of the task suffiently and whether you presented, highlighted and illustrate the key points appropriately.

Remember there is often more than 1 question contained in the essay question text.

IELTS Writing Scoring: Are task 1 and task 2 equal value?

You should spend about 20 minutes out of the hour for Task 1. Task Achievement or Response: One of my favorite activities to introduce cohesion is to take a text like the one above and quickly remove the features of cohesion, producing a text that looks something like this: This coherence, this clarity of expression, is created by grammar and vocabulary lexis through cohesion.

It is, of course, still part of the marking scheme and important as such. My main argument against capital punishment is that I believe we do not have the right to kill another human being regardless of the crime.

Get some essay titles from good quality IELTS practice testssit down when you get the chance, give yourself 40 minutes and write some essays. Instruction To do a series of exercises to raise awareness of different forms of cohesion used in academic writing, follow this link Cloze Exercises Activity 3:.

The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.


lexical cohesion created cohesiveness towards the ideas conveyed by the students in writing. The implication of this research suggested for other types of lexical cohesion to be taught to the students and avoid overused of certain types of it to enhance better flow in writing.

Keyword: writing, lexical cohesion, cohesive, post graduate 1. In this post, Rob Sheppard distinguishes between coherence and cohesion, and provides some practical suggestions for introducing cohesion into your teaching.

Studies on cohesion or coherence often focus on a certain level of text, or the distinction between them. It would be beneficial to investigate, from the perspective of the writing process, how overt surface links contribute to the interpretation and communicative purpose of a text.

In this and the following three blog posts on academic writing, I would like to focus on one of the most common problems I have observed in my students’ writing: cohesion.

It is ‘a linguistic glue’ that helps the text stick together in a meaningful and logical way. How.

Cohesion in academic writing: reference

Task Achievement Coherence and Cohesion Lexical Resource Grammatical Range and Accuracy ; 9: fully satisfies all the requirements of the task ; clearly presents a fully developed response.

Lexical cohesion in academic writing
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IELTS Writing Scoring: Are task 1 and task 2 equal value?